Setting up a limited company & VAT

I've completed my limited company formation, do I need to register for VAT?

You have to register for VAT once your turnover reaches £81,000 for any twelve month period. You can voluntarily register for VAT even if your turnover is below this limit - consider your end users and their VAT status, the level of purchases that you make.

Having decided to VAT register you must then decide to register for the Standard Scheme or the Flat Rate Scheme. If you require a little more guidance with regards to this, Genie Accountancy can help, dont hesitate to get in touch. 

What are the implications of being VAT registered?

Once you are VAT registered you are compelled to charge VAT at the current rate on all invoices generated by your company. VAT is chargeable not only on the cost of your services but also on any expenses recharged to you client. Charging VAT does not usually increase the cost to your agency/client as most businesses are VAT registered and can reclaim the VAT on your invoices.

Once VAT registered you are able to reclaim any VAT you incur on expenses processed through the company. Being VAT registered goes some way towards proving you are in business on your own account and supporting your IR35 status. You will receive more company correspondence than if you were not registered.

VAT is due quarterly and not when it is paid by your client/ agency which means there can be instances where you have to pay. VAT over before you have received payment from your client. To prevent this you can opt to use the cash accounting scheme.

What is the Cash Accounting Scheme?

The cash accounting scheme accounts for VAT on the basis of payments you receive rather than on the vat invoices you issue. This will ensure that only monies paid into the company is subsequently included on the quarterly VAT return. This will avoid any VAT being overpaid to HMRC.

Normal VAT Registration

If you are registered for normal VAT, you invoice clients for goods or services, say £1,000. VAT in the UK is currently 20%.

Gross invoiced VAT net Amount receivable
£1,000 £200 £1,200

You have now £1,000 gross profit and you owe HMRC £200.

The £200 you owe is called input VAT. You now purchase a computer for £500 plus VAT = £600.

Cost price VAT net Amount payable
£500 £100 £600

On your VAT return you can now deduct £100 from what you owe HMRC. This is called output VAT. Your VAT return will therefore record.

Input VAT Output VAT Net amount due
£200 £100 £100

You can apply to join the scheme as long as your turnover, excluding VAT, is below £150,000 or less in the next year.

You will be asked to leave the scheme once your turnover exceeds £230,000. Having left the Flat Rate Scheme you are not permitted to re-join for at least one year.

If you are registered for the flat rate scheme you will invoice your customers 20% VAT but you will be unable to reclaim VAT on expenses subject to an exception re capital assets.

You will pay a smaller % of VAT to HMRC than you charge to your customers, with the difference being recognised as income in the company.

The % charged is dependent on what is the Procedure to your business activity. There is a 1% discount on this rate for the first 12 months from the date of your VAT registration.

Flat rate can be the better scheme for contractors operating through Limited companies since they have minimal expenses.

By exception you can reclaim VAT on the purchase of certain capital assets. This purchase must be a single purchase of capital goods not services and although it can relate to more than one asset they all have to be purchased at the same time and the total of the invoice needs to exceed
£2,000 VAT included.

You cannot claim VAT back on Capital Goods you intend to re – sell or that you intend to use or consume within 12 months. If you claim VAT back on a capital asset, then when you come to dispose of the asset and sell it, you must charge VAT at the full standard rate, not at your flat rate %.

What is the procedure to Deregistering?

If you have voluntarily registered and are below the compulsory registration limit or wish to cease to trade you can de-register from VAT by completing a simple form providing reasons or your decision. You will need to you of the exact date of de- registration. Once you have de-registered you will no longer have to charge VAT on your invoices but equally you can no longer reclaim VAT on your expenses.

If you think you might benefit from speaking to one of our contractor accountants for a bit more advice, give them a call on: 01296 468 185 or email accountancy@orangegenie.com .

Why Orange Genie Accountancy?

Orange Genie Accountancy offers fixed fee accountancy packages to contractors and freelancers. Each client has unlimited access to their own dedicated approachable and friendly accountant. All Orange Genie Accountancy accountants are specialists in the contracting market, so they can give you bespoke, high quality advice.

We will always keep you informed about anything that could affect you and your company. Our relationships with our clients are extremely important to us so we'll be in touch often, whether it be face to face, over the telephone or email.

Our packages start at £75 + VAT a month for an online service. Our most popular package is £120 + VAT a month which provides you with your very own dedicated accountant as well as:

  • Unlimited accountancy support
  • Face to face meetings so we can get to know you and understand your contracting goals
  • Proactive contact
  • Director and employee payroll
  • Annual Return
  • Self-Assessment Return
  • A fully compliant service so you are safe in the knowledge that you are meeting your legal obligations
  • Access to the Freeagent Software, which is updated in real time so you can always see how your business finances are looking

​And much more, includingaccess to wealth management advice, IR35 reviews and pensions planning. 

If you would like to appoint Orange Genie Accountancy as your accountants please either fill out our enquiry form or give one of our friendly expert accountants a call on 01296 468 185 or email accountancy@orangegenie.com

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